Baja & Border News Translations:Vizcaíno Valley Field Workers are Exploited; 57,352 Jobs Generated in BC

Vizcaíno Valley Field Workers are Exploited (El Vigia, 11/28/12 by Manuel Pérez)

Valle de Vizcaino, BC Sud - Hundreds of agricultural workers in Vizcaino Valley live in humiliation and exploitation by farm owners and foremen, who abuse their state of poverty and need to work. They are taken from their places of origin to Baja California Sur, with a promise to earn 500 pesos ($38 US) per day harvesting strawberries, cucumbers, chilies and tomato products in the Vizcaíno Valley.

Indigenous adults and children – some no more than 10 years old - from Chiapas, Guadalajara, Guerrero and Morelos, are subject to labor exploitation, since they must work under a scorching sun and stay huddled close for eight continuous hours. If they rise or fall behind they are sanctioned.

Other promises are having housing, daycare for their children, transportation and benefits. Housing, in reality is sheds of sheet metal and dirt floors (although not in all). With no beds, they sleep on tables and cartons.

The worst thing is that in the evening, few dare to go to the latrines for fear the vandals, since there is little security. If someone comes, they raise their voice and try to defend themselves, asserting their rights trying to be rebellious and immediately run to be with family.

Such is the case of a family originally from Oaxaca, but also with a residence in Janos Chihuahua, headed by Jesús González Remigio, Carmen Melo Matamoros and their sons, who were expelled from rancho El Piloto. Remigio Gonzalez, along with his family, went to the headquarters of municipal public security in this community, where the Commander Juan José Pineda Meza sent them to David Garcia Araiza at the State Government Occupational Safety and Health office. They in-turn channeled them to neighborhood DIF offices but a representative of the Commission on Human Rights does not exist in this community.

Such is the impotence and abuses field workers live under, who already endure more in desperation they are not heard or cared for by the authorities, who would prefer they just burst into tears.">

57,352 Jobs Generated in BC (El Vigia, 11/28/12)

Mexicali, BC - Occupations in Baja California improved in the last month, providing a stable scenario toward a target of 49,000 for this year which has already been reached. With an increase of 43,765 persons registered at the IMSS from January to October, which was added to 13,587 new jobs generated by SMMEs. This year 57,352 total work positions have been generated.

The above was reported by the Secretary of Economic Development, Alejandro Mungaray Lagarda, who stated that the unemployment rate is 6.2%, less than that recorded in September at 7.0%. This is in spite of substantial increases in an economically active population and a result of a migration that seeks better expectations of work and life.

Antonio Escamilla Diaz, Deputy Director of Statistical and Economic Analysis of Sedeco, said that the States of the North, being on the country's most industrialized border are the ones that attract more people and have the highest unemployment rates. Other entities of the country that have high rates of unemployment as a result of industrial development are Aguascalientes with 6.2%, Distrito Federal, 6.4%, Guanajuato, 6.0% and Mexico State, 5.9%.

In the opposite direction, the States with the lowest rates of unemployment are those characterized by high levels of poverty where people are forced to leave their places of origin in search of better opportunities and a solution to their conditions. This is the case in Guerrero with the lowest unemployment rate in the country, at 1.7%, then Oaxaca with 2.4%, Chiapas, 2.5%, Campeche, 3.0% and Veracruz, 3.5%.

This information shows that most industrialized States are those that have the best opportunities and consequently attract more people.">


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