"It's a constant barrage of planes sputtering and buzzing," said one resident that lives under Montgomery Field's flight path.
Montgomery Field accident
Dec. 2017 footage of plane crash into house
Eden Yaege, Clairemont town council president said, "Many people have noticed that over the last few months there seems to be more aircraft flying out of Montgomery and it seems they are flying at a lower altitude. We have sent our concerns to the airport, only to be told that the airport is investigating.
"We sent our concerns to our councilmember [Chris Cate] and were directed to the Smart Growth and Land Use Committee. We sent our concerns to the committee and they directed us back to the airport. In the meantime, the planes continue to fly over our homes, schools and businesses. Our residents have been complaining for over a year about the increased noise and now they add the fear of plane crashes to that list."
In February, a plane crashed in Kearny Mesa killing one (pilot). In December, a plane crashed into a Clairemont home, killing two (on plane) and one dog (at home). The residents had left ten minutes prior to the crash.
Gurujan Dourson saw that December crash. He was walking his poodle Charlee when he saw an airplane coming at him from 20 feet away. After power lines knocked him off his feet, he saw the plane try to land in a nearby school yard before crashing into his neighbors house and exploding.
After a second explosion, his poodle got hit by a truck — she was found days later hiding under a neighbors boat. Charlee now gets startled whenever a plane sputters or backfires. "If my car did that, I would immediately go to the mechanic." Dourson said he wants the city to finish undergrounding power lines. "The power lines that fell that day could have killed us."
A March 2 internal city memo noted constituent's "elevated sense of concern" over plane crashes and "longstanding concerns about noise." It noted ten fatal aircraft accidents (21 fatalities) near Montgomery Field since 1983. Nationwide 2016 data showed almost 94 percent of aviation-related fatalities are general aviation (like majority of Montgomery flights).
Over the past decade, airport operations (take-offs or landings) at Montgomery show five aircraft fatalities out of over 2 million operations. By contrast, Brown Field had more than twice the fatalities with less than half the operations. Operations at Montgomery between 2008 (233,744) and 2017 (207,103) remained fairly steady with the most being in 2008.
The city's memo stated that Montgomery Field is "managed safely and efficiently."
To the argument that the airport was there first, one resident responded, "If we had the same airport that was there before homes were built, I don't think anyone would be complaining."
When Serra Mesa resident Gary Keller retired nine years ago, he noticed planes flying over his head every few seconds. This was his introduction to flight training touch and go operations.
Airport staff confirmed flight training is responsible for about 75-percent of Montgomery Field operations (40-percent are touch and go operations). Because of this, many want the flying clubs out of Montgomery. Per the city, they can't force them out since they are FAA-approved.
Keller's key concern is the harmful effects of aviation fuel (Avgas). Even though lead was banned in automotive fuel in 1996, it hasn't made that same sweeping transition in general aviation.
Airport staff said the health and environmental impacts of Avgas is something they aren't "qualified to address whether it is or is not causing health problems."
Keller argues that health impacts from lead are widely known and that it causes learning disabilities, especially among young children. "They are fine with discussing noise, but not so good about discussing the far more insidious problems of their lead emissions.” Last year, Governor Jerry Brown signed legislation to ensure children in California automatically get tested for lead.
A study just released suggests deaths related to lead exposure are ten times higher than originally thought.
According to one resident, Gibbs and CrownAir are the two aviation fuel suppliers at Montgomery Field. Cate held an event last week inside CrownAir's hangar at Montgomery Field.
CrownAir was sued in 2011 for violating Proposition 65 (toxic enforcement act). The lawsuit stated selling Avgas exposed those nearby to lead without first warning them. As part of the settlement, CrownAir was required to post warning signs. Keller said Montgomery Field neglected to hang the signs. "When I pointed this out to them, they said they must have been stolen." He said signs were eventually posted.
When it comes to noise, Keller said the ordinance residents fought for in the 1980s is ludicrous. "If you own a dog that barks and you do nothing, ultimately you could end up with [other enforcement measures besides a fine]. If you put wings on that barking dog, it becomes a plane, and it can continue to make the same noise, over a greater area, and there is nothing anyone can do about it."
Airport staff confirmed noise violations have no other enforcement action beyond fines.
Keller said even though Montgomery Field belongs to the city, the tenants seem to run the show. "Students from all over the world come to Montgomery Field to learn how to fly. It costs up to $50,000 to become a commercial pilot. Follow the money."
Airport staff said most of the flight schools are non-profit "flying clubs" that are not master lease holders — the main source of revenue from them is through fuel purchases for which the city receives $300,000 annually (Montgomery Field and Brown Field combined). Fees go into the Airport Enterprise Fund with a revenue stream of about $5 million annually.
John is a commercial pilot that flies out of Montgomery often. He said the planes look low to residents because they're taking off or landing. "The FAA does not allow you to be low in urban areas unless you're taking off or landing."
John explained why pilots fly west over residential neighborhoods instead of east over industrial areas. He showed me an aviation chart that pilots use showing airspaces, altitudes, departure and arrival paths. He said the main reason the runways are pointing east/west is due to favorable winds, because it's safer and more efficient. He said most small aircraft take off heading west because larger planes are usually heading out east. There is also the matter of staying out of Miramar's military airspace.